Celiac Disease; Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Individuals should be vigilant regarding their health. If someone observes symptoms that correlate with celiac disease should immediately seek help from a nutritionist. Consulting a nutritionist will help manage the symptoms through diet plans, as it is the most effective treatment that can enhance the quality of life.

Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is an immune disorder; induced due to an unusual reaction to gluten. Gluten is the protein mainly found in wheat, barley, and related products. It is also present in medications and vitamins. It is also known as sprue, nontropical sprue, and gluten-sensitivity enteropathy.

Role of Gluten

Gluten is the protein present in the bread and wheat-related products. When the individual with the disease consumes the gluten products, the immune response produces a toxin that attacks the villi. Villi are present in small intestines and help indigestion. Due to the damaged villi, the body is unable to absorb the nutrients from the food. Hence, it results in malnutrition and other complications such as permanent intestinal damage.

Celiac disease symptoms in Children

The symptoms observed in children with celiac disease are:

  • The child feels tired and irritated most of the time.
  • The overall physical development is slow and reaches puberty time late.
  • The child is physically underweight.
  • The child suffers from constant constipation and diarrhea.
  • Recurrent episodes of abdominal pain
  • The child feels nauseous and vomits after consuming gluten-related food items.
  • The stool is pale and foul-smelling.

Celiac Disease Symptoms in Adults

The symptoms in adults differ from children. The symptoms of celiac disease in adults are:

  • The individual suffers from iron deficiency
  • The patient has weak bones.
  • Recurrent episodes of seizures
  • Feeling of numbness in hands and feet
  • Constant main in joints
  • The enamel of the teeth is affected
  • Suffers from mouth sores
  • Women have irregularity in the menstrual cycle
  • Women also suffer from infertility and miscarriages

People at risk of Celiac Disease

  • Role of Genetics: People with a family history of celiac disease are prone to be diagnosed with the same disorder.
  • Other diseases: Individuals with down syndrome, Addison’s disease, autoimmune disease, type 1 diabetes, rheumatic arthritis, turners syndrome, lactose intolerance, intestinal cancer, intestinal lymphoma are at a higher risk of suffering from celiac disease.

Diagnosis for Celiac Disease

The diagnosis of celiac disease is dependent on multiple tests, such as;

  • Complete blood tests to check the levels of antiendomysiumand anti-tissue transglutaminase
  • Liver functioning and cholesterol Tests
  • Serum Albumin Tests

Effective Treatment for Celiac Disease

  • To manage the symptoms of celiac disease, patients have to eradicate gluten items from their diet and use alternatives for nutrient intake.
  • The food patients should avoid includes; wheat, barley, rye, bread, bakery items, graham flour, semolina, candies, oats, soups, sauces, and pasta.
  • The foods that can be proven beneficial in celiac disease are fruits, fish, meat, dairy products, vegetables, beans, lentils, potatoes, corn, and rice.
  • Patients who are anemic, and weak should take medical supplements that include copper, folate, iron, vitamin B-12, and zinc.
  • Women who are pregnant should take folic acid supplements
  • The patients should have follow-up sessions with the dietician to ensure that the symptoms are in check. It is essential to visit the dietician if one is taking any supplements or medications.

The symptoms of celiac disease can make the person suffer from mental and other physical problems. It is best for the adults and caregivers of the children; who notice the symptoms of celiac disease to discuss their condition with the specialist. Individuals can consult the dietician in Islamabad for guidance regarding treatment and dietary modifications that can help manage the symptoms.