DP-3: Improvements & Principles of Use [Child Development Assessment and Measurement]
The Developmental Profile 3 (DP-3) assesses and measures children in different domains of development including adaptive behavior, physical, social-emotional, communication, and cognitive development. It combines the continuity and proven history of the DP-II assessment tool while integrating current psychometric guidelines.
The DP-3 is an informative, easy, quick, valid, and reliable instrument for evaluating a child’s development in the above five developmental areas. It is widely accepted in the fields of education and psychology. It is useful in a variety of settings and purposes, providing information on a child’s developmental strengths and weaknesses.
Because research suggests the importance of early identification and intervention for children with developmental disabilities and highlights the need for an efficient and accurate way to assess these children, the DP-3 has been updated in a number of ways.
The DP-3 remains accurate and reliable while using updated names for scales to describe the content and uses better. It also includes standard scores, new administration options, updated item contents with accurate terminology for technology and customs, suggested intervention activities, and expanded scoring.
During the roughly fifteen years between the publish dates of the DP-II and the DP-3, we experienced a societal shift. Technological and cultural changes made an important impact on the experiences and the rate of growing up. The technological changes from computers influence how children communicate, learn, socialize, play, and function.
Diverse family compositions and evolving child care facilities also contribute to a completely different world in which children are living than that of the previous generation. These changes increase the importance of measuring children’s developmental domains. Changes incorporated in the updated DP-3 assessment reflect these changes.
One of the most critical improvements to the DP-3 includes the sample of children who are developing typically. This sample closely resembles the national socioeconomic, geographic, and ethnic ratios in the United States population.
In addition, the DP-3 includes a break down into more increments at very young age levels to capture accurately the rapid growth that happens during these periods. It also includes scores for youth up to age twelve years, eleven months, obtaining scores throughout elementary school aged children.
The DP-3 provides expanded guidelines for interpretation and clarification for the administrators of the test to determine when a child passes an item. It also suggests a variety of remediation activities related to each test item so clinicians can turn the results into a program for intervention.
Principles of Use
Any professional familiar with educational or psychological testing will find it easy to administer the DP-3 Interview Form and assessment. It requires minimal training to produce valid and reliable results. The Parent/Caregiver Checklist is straightforward enough for any caretaker who is very familiar with the child.
Any teacher, parent, or caregiver can score the child while a professional who has training or experience in psychology, child development, or education should provide an interpretation or application of the results. Experienced professionals won’t find it hard to familiarize themselves with and review the information included in the manual.
Use of any clinical assessment should adhere to ethical and professional guidelines. The results of the assessment are only to be used with the permission of a child’s legal guardian, and users should take precautions to keep the confidential results intact and restrict access only to those who can use it for improving the development of the child. Test results should be communicated to parents focusing not on specific scores, but the implications of the results and the interpretation of them.
Because the DP-3 is a useful tool, it can be used for the adequate measure of five domains as needed in schools, hospitals, clinics, or other settings where assessment of the development of a child is useful and necessary, especially for the purpose of diagnosing developmental difficulties or delays.
The DP-3 is a valuable tool in assessing a child’s need for further evaluation or intervention. It can serve as an effective way to administer follow up testing to monitor a child’s progress. It can help determine a child’s eligibility to receive special services and plan educational programs. For more information on the DP-3 assessment, visit WPS Publish.