What is Scleral Buckle Surgery?

Scleral buckling is a surgical method used to repair a retinal detachment. The scleral, or the white of the eye, is the outer supporting layer of the eyeball. In this surgery, a surgeon links a piece of silicone or a sponge onto the white of the eye at the spot of a retinal tear. The buckle is made to repair retinal detachment by pushing the sclera toward the retinal break or tear.

The retina is a layer of tissue within the eye. It transmits visual detail from the optic nerve to your brain. A detached retina shifts from its general position. If left untreated, retinal detachment can cause permanent vision loss.

Scleral buckling is used to treat different kinds of retinal detachments. Retinal detachment is a medical emergency needing quick medical care. Scleral buckling is one of the treatment choices. Signs of detachment contain an increase in the number of eye floaters. These are little specks that can be viewed in your field of vision. You may also have flashes of light in your field of vision, and decreased peripheral vision.

What to expect

Scleral buckle surgery is generally done an outpatient procedure, meaning you go to your place the same day. Your retina surgeon will determine whether to provide you general or domestic anesthesia depending on your specific case. Further, eye drops will be applied to dilate your pupils.

After scleral buckle surgery

You will need to manage for someone to drive your home after your surgery. You may experience some blurry or pain vision for a few days. Further, your eye may be tender, red, or swollen for a few weeks. Your doctor may have use antibiotic eye drops to help stop infection. You may also need to wear an eye patch for a day or two.

Call your physician if you experience any of the following after your scleral buckle surgery:

  • Increased pain
  • Decreasing vision
  • Swelling around the eye
  • Any new flashes or floaters of light in your field of vision

Some patients need more than one surgery to reattach the retina. Other retinal detachment treatments contain a less invasive procedure known as vitrectomy surgery as well as pneumatic retinopexy.

Complications and risks of scleral buckling

Overall, scleral buckling for the repair of vision restoration and retinal detachments can generate right outcomes. Complications, anyway, can happen and there are risks linked with surgery.

If you have had previous eye surgery and have existing scar tissue issue, this method may initially repair a retinal detachment. If not, you will have to repeat the procedure and your doctor will need to get rid of existing scar tissue before proceeding.

Other complications and risks linked with this surgery contain:

  • Double vision
  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • New retinal tears
  • Repeated detachment

Contact your doctor quickly if you have any bleeding, develop a fever or if you experienced increased swelling, pain or decreased vision.